General Discussion: anyone know how to reference without authors?


YB
YB avatar

3859 posts since 24/8/03

14 Jan 2007 16:45
The IMF has helped through providing “loans to countries experiencing balance of payments problems. This financial assistance enables countries to rebuild their international reserves; stabilize their currencies; continue paying for imports; and restore conditions for strong economic growth.” (http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/howlend.htm)

The World Bank has “transferred about US$36.5 billion in loans and credits for education since [they] started lending in the sector in 1963” (The World Bank, 10 things a pdf from their website).

Also in my bilbiography I have shit like this:

Micheletti, M. (2004) Just Clothes? Discursive Political Consumerism and Political Participation. Paper for the 2004 ECPR Joint Sessions, April 13-18, Uppsala Workshop 24: Emerging Repertoires of Political Action. Toward a Systematic Study of Postcoventional Forms of Participation.

Mussa, Michael (2000) Factors driving global economic integration. Paper presented at Global Economic Integration: Opportunities and Challenges, a symposium sponsored by the Federal reserve Bank of Kansas City, Jackson Hole, Wyoming, 24-26 August, Kansas City Missouri.

Advice here would be great since the referencing guides I have don't cover this type of thing…
brodie
brodie avatar

6740 posts since 15/10/05

14 Jan 2007 16:48
what referencing sytem are you using, harvard? As to the question about referencing without authors the way i do it (using oxford referencing)with a double underscore __
YB
YB avatar

3859 posts since 24/8/03

14 Jan 2007 18:36
yea we have to use harvard…

can i reference to the organisation that put the leaflet out?
brodie
brodie avatar

6740 posts since 15/10/05

14 Jan 2007 18:37
dont know about harvard only oxford sorry
YB
YB avatar

3859 posts since 24/8/03

14 Jan 2007 18:45
cheer anyway…

my essay is shit enough already, I really don't fancy losin more marks because of shit referencing.
alw1
alw1 avatar

42 posts since 7/9/02

14 Jan 2007 18:45
See below– in the cases you cite you should count the organisations (IMF/WB) as the authors.

Website with author
Take the information from the webpage itself or the associated homepage - use the title bar and the credits at the bottom of the page, your own date of viewing the page and insert the words [online] and Available from World Wide Web:
Family name, initial(s) Year. Title [online]. [Date accessed]. Available from World Wide Web :

HAWKING, S. 2000. Professor Stephen Hawking's website [online]. [Accessed 9th May 2002]. Available from World Wide Web:

Website with no author
Take the information from the webpage itself or the associated homepage - use the title bar and the credits at the bottom of the page, your own date of viewing the page and insert the words [online] and Available from World Wide Web:
Title of website.Year as appearing on site [online]. [Date accessed]. Available from World Wide Web :

Feminist Collections A Quarterly of Women's Studies Resources. 2002. [online]. [Accessed 9th May 2002]. Available from World Wide Web:
YB
YB avatar

3859 posts since 24/8/03

14 Jan 2007 20:00
ahhh i see…. thanks very much alw1 Smiling

the thing is these are from PDFs off the websites. Can I just link to the PDF? That would make sense right, in that it doesn't necessarily have to be a webpage.
ohhsnap
ohhsnap avatar

3 posts since 12/1/07

15 Jan 2007 00:30
well i citied and sourced loads of PDF's for my dissertation and that was okay ..jus so long as the link works